dance


dance
I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
Motion to music
Nouns
1. dance, dancing; ball, formal, tea dance, thé dansant, cotillion, promenade, dinner-dance; masquerade, masked ball, bal masqué, fancy-dress ball. Informal, drag, hop, prom, mixer. Slang, trucking. See agitation, amusement, leap, oscillation.
2.
a. modern dance, interpretive dance, modern ballet; percussive movement.
b. (world dances) clog; fandango, malaguena, zapateado, paso doble, flamenco, alegrias, folklorico, bolero, bossa nova, samba, carioca, habanera; ballo, cachucha; belly dance; bergamasca, tarantella; bugaku, nihon buyo; cancan, caramagnole, farandole, tambourin; czardas; djanger, haka; hora; hula; kathak[ali], Bharat Natya; kebiyar, legong, manipuri; limbo; khon.
c. court dance, basse danse, bourrée, canary, cotillion, courante, galliard, galop, gavotte, minuet, passacaglia, pavane, polonaise, saltarello, saraband.
d. folk or popular dance; slam dancing, dirty dancing, disco dancing, break dancing, hip-hop; barn dance, breakdown, chica, contredanse, country dance, écossaise, [highland] fling, gopak, hoedown, square dance, do-si-do, sashay, set, hornpipe, jota, juba, kazatsky, kolo, ländler, mazurka, Mexican hat dance, morris dance, morisco, ox dance, polka, quadrille, reel, rigadoon, round dance, salsa, schottische, seguidilla, siciliano, Sir Roger de Coverley, skirt dance, slow dance, step dancing, strathspey, tarantella, trepak, villanella, Virginia reel.
e. ballroom dance, social dancing; begine, bocane, cha-cha, Charleston, conga, fox trot, gigue, jig, joropo, lambada, Lambeth walk, mambo, maxixe, merengue, one-step, peabody, rumba, samba, tango, [Texas] two-step, waltz, Washington Post.
f. jazz dance, jazz tap, ball-change, bamboula, black bottom, [black] boogaloo, bombershay, bop, [buck-and-]wing, bunny hug, buzzard lope, cakewalk, camel walk, circus [love], cootie crawl, eagle rock, flapping eagle, grizzly bear, hand jive, huckabuck, jam back, jitterbug, jive, lambada, lindy, locomotion, mashed potatoes, mooch, pasmala, possum-la, pull-back, sand, sconch, shag [and stomp], shimmy, shuffle, soft shoe, stomp, Susie-Q, swing, tap dance, toddle, turkey trot, walking the dog. Slang, electric boogie, uprock.
g. rock dance, achybreaky, acid house, alligator, bedrock, bird, birdland, boogaloo, break dancing, bump, cabbage patch, camel walk, continental walk, dirty dancing, disco, dive, dog, Egyptian, electric slide, file dance, fly, freak, freddie, frug, funky chicken or pigeon, guess, handjive, hitchhike, hop, hully gully, hustle, jerk, line dance, locomotion, macarena, mashed potato, monkey, moonwalk, moshing, nasty, night fever, pogo, pony, popcorn, rocking chair, roller coaster, running man, salsa, shake, shuffle, skate, slam dance, slauson, slog, smurf, snake, stroll, sway, swim, tush push, twine, twist, vogue, walk, watermelon crawl, watusi.
h. erotic or exotic dance, striptease, fan dance, cooch, hootchy-kootchy, nautch dance, table or lap dance.
i. ritual dance, ghost dance, rain dance, snake dance, sword dance, war dance.
j. Dancercize.
3.
a. ballet, classical dance.
b. ballet d'action, divertissement, entr'acte; adagio, allegro, [grand] pas de deux, entrée, coda, toe dance, character dance, solo [dance], pas seul, variation.
c. choreography, terpsichore; Labanotation; French or Russian school, Cecchetti method.
d. elevation, extension, partnering, placement.
e. allongé, arabesque, assemblé, attitude, balance, ballon[né], [grand or petit] battement, batterie, cabriole, bourrée, brisé, cambré, chaîné, changement de pied, chassé, ciseaux, combination, enchaînement, figure, contretemps, coupé, croisé, dégagé, [grand] plié, demi-plié, pointe, demi-pointe, developpé, échappé, emboîtés, entrechat, épaulement, failli, fish dive, fondu, fouetté, frappé, glissade, grand jeté, pas [de basque, bourrée, chat, or cheval], passé, petit tour, piqué, pirouette, port de bras, posé tour, promenade, relevé, révérence, rond de jamb, royalement, saut de basque or de chat, sisonne, soubresant, soursour, stulchak, temps, temps de flèche, temps levé or lié, tour [en l'air or jeté], turnout, vole.
f. [first, second, etc. ] position, closed or open position, écarté, effacé, sur le coup de pied.
g. dance studio, barre; pointe shoes, tutu.
4. dancer, terpsichorean, ballet dancer, danceur [noble], premier danseur, [première] danceuse, [prima] ballerina, coryphée, principal, figurant[e]; corps de ballet; chorus girl, boy or man, chorine; geisha, nautch girl; hula dancer; choreographer, régisseur, répétiteur; balletomane; Terpsichore;
go-go dancer, exotic [dancer], topless dancer, burlesque dancer, variety dancer. Slang, hoofer, taxi dancer; stripper, coffee-grinder; jitterdoll or -jane, rugcutter.
5. dance hall, ballroom; discotheque. Slang, glad pads.
Verbs — dance, glide, jug, flutter; jazz dance, tap dance, etc.; choreograph. Informal, trip the light fantastic, cut the rug, hoof.
Adjectives
1. terpsichorean, balletic; choreographic.
2. en arrière, en avant, en dedans, en dehors, en face, en l'air, en seconde, par terre, penché, tendu.
Quotations — A perpendicular expression of a horizontal desire (G. B. Shaw), Dance is the hidden language of the soul (Martha Graham).
Related categories, see music.
II
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [Rhythmic movement]
Syn. dancing, choreography, hop, jig, skip, prance, shuffle, fling, swing, caper, hoedown, hoofing*.
Dances include --- Social: waltz, fox trot, shimmy, polka, conga, rumba, tango, samba, paso doble, cha-cha, mambo, bolero, disco, hustle, line dance, shag, lambada, merengue, vogue, freak, jerk, frug, jitterbug, one-step, two-step, box-step, Charleston, Peabody, bunny hug, twist, monkey, mashed potato; break dancing, slam dancing; theatrical: ballet, adagio, tap dance, soft-shoe, toe dance; traditional: cotillion, quadrille, pavane, loure, galliard, branle, sarabande, courante, bourr?e, passepied , contredanse ( all French), mazurka, polonaise, beguine, fandango, round dance, square dance, minuet, gavotte, schottische, rigadoon, shuffle, gallopade, galop; folk and primitive: sun dance, ghost dance, sword dance, snake dance, fertility dance, morris dance, Virginia reel, belly dance, Highland fling, flamenco, paso doble, Irish jig, buck and wing, clog, tarantella, hora, hornpipe, czardas, hula; see also waltz .
2. [A dancing party]
Syn. ball, pRomenade, grand ball, dress ball, masked ball, prom, cotillion, reception, masquerade, masque, tea dance, th? dansant (French), hoedown, mixer, hop*, shindig*, brawl*; see also party 1 .
v.
1. [To move rhythmically]
Syn. step, trip, tread, glide, whirl, jig, perform the steps of, execute the figures of, shuffle the feet, pirouette, trip the light fantastic, hoof it*, hop*, cut a rug*, rock*, foot it*, boogie*, vogue*; see also dance n.
2. [To move in a gay and sprightly manner]
Syn. hop, skip, jump, leap, bob, bobble, scamper, skitter, jiggle, jigger, caper, gambol, bounce, cavort, sway, swirl, sweep, swing, careen, curvet, cut capers; see also jump 1 , 4 , play 2 .
Ant. sit*, perch, stand.
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus)
I
n.
ballroom dance, capering, ballet, waltz, polka, square dance, *shindig, hop, prom. ''Poetry of the foot.''—John Dryden.
WORD FIND
bend backwards under pole: limbo
Bohemian, lively: polka
Brazilian, dips, leaps: samba
Brazilian, like samba: bossa nova
Brazilian, sensual coupling: lambada
Caribbean, like rhumba: beguine
classical ballroom: waltz
country and western swinging two-step: Texas two-step
Cuban: rhumba, conga, mambo
death dance: danse macrabre
French, high-kicking, skirt-lifting: cancan
glissade backwards: moonwalk
group single file procession, three steps and kick: conga
Hawaiian: hula
Italian, whirling folk dance: tarantella
Latin American quickstep and shuffle: chacha
Latin American, with stylized posturing: tango
legs scissoring in opposite directions: split
lively folk dance: jig
lively French dance, eighteenth century: cotillion
Middle Eastern female solo, stomach undulations: belly dance
modern jazz: jazz dance
Negro, nineteenth century: Juba
1920s: Charleston
1930s-1940s, hopping: shag
1930s, jitterbuglike: Lindy hop
1940s, acrobatic somersaults, splits: jitterbug
1960s, Chubby Checker: twist
1970s, hip-touching: bump
1980s, prostrate movements: breakdance
1990s, running in position: running man
Oriental head motions: sundari
Polish: polonaise
Russian dance, squatting, arms folded: cossack
sailor’s: hornpipe
Scottish, lively folk dance: reel
secret, all-night dance party: *rave
sexually explicit: 1. freak dancing, booty dancing, dirty dancing, grinding, jacking, freaking, the nasty. 2. sexually explicit dance moves, line of dancers performing: freak train see rap
shaking of body part: shimmy
solo male dance around Sombrero: Mexican hat dance
Spanish: flamenco, fandango, bolero, tango
spin: pirouette
square dance: quadrille, hoedown
square dance steps: California twirl, cloverleaf, Dixie chain, do-si-do, promenade, sashay.
stately eighteenth-century dance: minuet
steps: choreography
tap steps: soft shoe, falling off the log, dig, brush, chug, coffee grinder
two-step, ballroom: fox-trot
wooden shoes dance: clog
see ballet
II
v.
caper, step, *trip the light fantastic, *boogie, *cut a rug, swing, step, prance, *disco, *beat feet, twist, shimmy, strut, prance, sway, hop, *get down, *shake your booty, rock, wiggle one's hips, jig, skip, leap, gambol, romp, *slink, contort, flex, undulate, careen, shuffle, *hoof, clomp, *jockey, *pose, *posture, thrust, quiver, dip, gyrate, convulse, glissade.
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) I verb 1. To move rhythmically to music, using patterns of steps or gestures: foot, step. Slang: hoof. Idioms: cut a rug, foot it, trip the light fantastic. See REPETITION, WORK. 2. To leap and skip about playfully: caper, cavort, frisk, frolic, gambol, rollick, romp. See WORK. II noun A party or gathering for dancing: ball. Informal: hop. See WORK.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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